口腔健康和颅面科学杂志》上 //m.lakotalakes.com/johcs Heighpubs开放获金博宝app体育取期刊上 en - us Orofacial COVID-19的表现 05/12/2021//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1034.php & lt; h2> Abstract< / h2><p>Oral cavity is the gateway of the human body, and also provides vital clues of our systemic health. Here in this COVID-19 pandemic, oral manifestations such as dysgeusia, ulcers, xerostomia are noticed and are an an important predictors of this viral disease. This short review describes the oral manifestations of this new disease.</p> 过去深牙周再生与搪瓷矩阵导数缺陷:一个案例报告 03/19/2021//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1033.php & lt; h2> Summary< / h2><p>A clinical case of treatment of two severe intrabony defects on the aesthetic zone is reported and followed for one year.</p> <p>The biomaterial of choice was enamel matrix derivative (Emdogain&reg;; Straumann&trade;) alone with a preservation papilla flap and a minimally invasive surgical technique.<br /> After surgical treatment, the patient was kept in a supportive periodontal therapy programme with 6-month interval between appointments.</p> <p>In the one year after surgery appointment, clinical and radiographic changes were observed, showing periodontal health and stability.</p> 前颌骨的截骨术在双边唇裂患儿和口感:骨骼和牙齿的变化 07/16/2020//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1032.php & lt; h2> Abstract< / h2><p><strong>Purpose:</strong> To evaluate changes in children with bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP) who premaxillary osteotomy and secondary alveolar bone grafting as compared to children with BCLP who are not indicated for surgery, and to determine variables that differentiate patients who do or do not require osteotomy.</p> <p><strong>Material and methods: </strong>Twenty-four children with BCLP were included in the study: 12 who underwent osteotomy (intervention group) and 12 who had no surgery (control group). Radiographic and model values of the intervention group were compared before (T1) and after (T2) premaxillary osteotomy, and measurements were compared with those from the control group at T1.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Convexity, ANB (point A-nasion-point B), and maxillary depth was more diminished at T2 in children in the intervention group. Point A, anterior nasal spine, and pogonion were retroposed after surgery, and the anterior spine was higher. At T2, the upper incisors were proinclinated and intruded, and overbite was improved.<br /> Models revealed increased intermolar intercanine width as well as intrusion of upper incisor after surgery. Premaxilla and upper molars were more extruded, had a higher total maxillary height and increased extrusion of upper incisor in children who underwent osteotomy.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>After surgery, children who undergo surgery have a premaxilla that is more normalized and more level with the occlusal plane, as well as improved dental inclination. Variables that differentiate children who require osteotomy from those who do not include more extrusion and protrusion of the premaxilla, and a greater extrusion of the upper incisors.</p> 两级的技术,残缺的牙齿的咬合的康复€“病例报告 05/28/2020//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1031.php & lt; h2> Summary< / h2>& lt; p>功能和审美康复极其磨损的牙齿是假牙修复术的最具挑战性的方面之一。一次彻底的检查和诊断,amp;选择适当的咬合的方案是关键因素达到最佳的临床结果。中提出的各种技术在文献中,两级的技术由流浪汉,amp;高山已成为临床医生最近的热门选择。髁的路径,利用标准cuspal角清晰度的主要决定因素产生可预测disocclusion偏心运动。是相对简单的,不需要特殊的医疗设备和可以合并很容易与常用的临床技术,如脸弓转移灵活;/ p>& lt; p>目前的病例报告描述了完整的口腔康复的严重残缺的牙齿使用Hobo&,年代两级的技术实现功能和美学上有利的结果。你们;/ p> 管理temporomandibudar联合胶着costo-chondral移植应用程序:病例报告和文献回顾 02/27/2020//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1030.php & lt; h2> Abstract< / h2><p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis is one of the most disruptive anomaly that affects the masticatory system and is referred as permanent movement disfunction of the mandible caused by bilateral or unilateral fibrous or bony adhesions and create problems. The etiology is congenital or idiopathic and include trauma, arthritis, infection, previous TMJ surgery etc. Management requires extensive resection of the ankylotic mass and reconstruction of the ramus-condyle unit with autogenous or alloplastic grafts. Most of the time, combination of surgical treatment with physiotherapy is needed in order to achieve maximum rehabilitation and functionality of the mandible.</p> <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> The aim of this study is to present the surgical management of an unusual case of unilateral TMJ ankylosis and recent of literature review.<br /> Case report: A thirty-seven-year old patient reported unable moving his lower jaw. Clinical examination revealed unilateral TMJ ankylosis of congenital cause and the lateral movement of the mandible was impossible. The patient surgical treatment included resection of the newly formed bone mass, replacement of the condyle with costo-chondral graft and replaced of articular disc with the temporal fascia. Since and for ten years after surgery the patient shows no signs of relapse.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The development of TMJ ankylosis may be congenital or acquired etiology. In order to manage it required a comprehensive clinical and radiographic examination. Surgical resection of the bone and coronoid process on the entire side is necessary and a graft that mimics the articular disc is placed, while it is necessary the immediate postoperative kinesiotherapy.</p> Parry-Romberg综合症:非侵入性治疗的病例报告 12/30/2019//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1029.php & lt; h2> Abstract< / h2><p>Parry-Romberg syndrome is an uncommon condition, self-limiting with slow progressive hemifacial atrophy. This syndrome can lead to several progressive congenital and developmental deformities. It can cause severe facial asymmetry and subsequently lead to esthetic and psychological problems and adversely affect patient&rsquo;s quality of life, so its treatment holds great importance. Still, there is no exact treatment protocol for this disease, treatment approaches are bounded and patient&rsquo;s response to the treatment is imponderable. However, most of the patients can benefit from conservative treatments. In this paper, we have reported a moderate case of Parry-Romberg syndrome, with no familial history of any syndromes. We also have discussed about present anomalies and the steps of exerted conservative treatments.</p> 皮埃尔Marie-Sainton综合症:报告的一个家庭 08/28/2019//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1028.php & lt; h2> Abstract< / h2>& lt; p>皮埃尔玛丽亚和Sainton综合症或cleido-cranial发育不良(CCD)是一种罕见综合症的一种常染色体的遗传模式,特点是表现为一个三和弦:锁骨发育不全、延迟囟门骨化,缝合线的头骨的金库。这些可以添加多个牙夹杂物。;/ p> 吸烟的影响的评估不同的假牙基材 08/13/2019//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1027.php & lt; h2> Abstract< / h2>& lt; p> & lt; strong>背景:& lt; / strong>本研究进行了评估吸烟的影响在不同的假牙基材。你们;/ p>& lt; p> & lt; strong>材料,amp;Methods< / strong>:目前的研究是在美国进行的假牙修复术。总共六十石蜡标本形状的圆形盘准备。这些被分为两组。组我(30)标本heata€“固化义齿基材料和组II(30)标本基础弹性义齿材料。标本都是15每进一步分为四个亚组。子群我heata€“治愈假牙基材标本(对照组),子群二世是弹性义齿基材标本(对照组),第三组是heata€“治愈假牙基材标本暴露于吸烟(研究组)和第四子群弹性义齿基材标本暴露于吸烟(研究小组)。 The initial (IRa) and final (FRa) surface roughness was measured before and after smoking test of the specimens.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: It was observed that in group I, mean IR (&micro;m) value was 0.182 and FR value was 0.572. In group II, mean IR (&micro;m) value was 0.265 and FR value was 0.831. In group III, mean IR (&micro;m) value was 0.195 and FR value was 1.892. In group IV, mean IR (&micro;m) value was 0.291 and FR value was 1.892. The difference was significant (P&lt; 0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: The surface roughness of the specimens fabricated from the flexible denture base material was found to be more compared to heat‑cured denture base specimens after exposure to cigarette smoke. There is need to educate the patients regarding cleanliness of denture to avoid infection in the oral cavity.</p> 下颌髁突位置和临床功能障碍指数之间的相关性后双边矢状截骨 06/04/2019//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1026.php & lt; h2> Summary< / h2><p>Several articles have discussed mandibular condyle position after bilateral sagittal split osteotomies (BSSO). However, previous studies have sought to establish a relationship between orthognathic surgery and the improvement of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) signs and symptoms.Also, they have been limited to two-dimensional evaluation of condylar position considering only the condylar &ldquo;sag&rdquo; or improper inferior seating of the condyle. The purpose of this study was to investigate a relationship between changes in condylar position using three-dimensional computed tomography and the negative clinical impact of BSSO on the temporomandibular joint.</p> 和平桥接 12/05/2018//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1025.php <h2>Research</h2> <p>In our past 200 years we have seen the advancing development of Dental Arts and Science though discoveries by its practitioners. Perhaps it will do some good to review the basis upon which fixed tooth replacement has evolved&mdash;that is the prosthetic crown.</p> 病理结果口腔全景x线断层照片的无齿的病人看到大学医院 04/19/2018//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1024.php & lt; h2> Abstract< / h2><p><strong>Objective:</strong> To describe pathological findings on pre-treatment dental panoramic tomograms of edentulous jaws taken before complete denture treatment.</p> <p><strong>Design</strong>: Descriptive cross-sectional study.</p> <p><strong>Setting</strong>: Prosthetic division, Department of Conservative and Prosthetic Dentistry.</p> <p>School of Dental Sciences, University of Nairobi.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: Data was obtained from clinical records and OPGs of 163 edentulous patients seen at the prosthetic clinic between 2010 and 2016 for complete denture therapy. From history and examination alone, clinicians reported significant findings on 50.3% of records, while 43.6% had no such findings. Ten (10) (6.1%) records were unclear. Examination of OPGs revealed 79.1% of the films had no pathological findings while in 20.9% had. Most of the findings (70.0%) were retained roots, 6% were radio-lucencies, 12% were other radio-opacities, 9% were impacted teeth while 3% had both retained root and radio-opacity. Most pathologies (64%) were located in the posterior region of jaws while the other findings were evenly distributed in the anterior and posterior regions of the jaws. There was no predilection of pathological findings to any other factor other than gender. In 83.4% records, queries on clinical notes coincided with significant findings on OPGs; while 16.6% were either unclear or did not coincide. Most (71%) OPG findings led to modification of treatment plan.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: Pathological findings are common on pre-treatment OPGs. It may be good practice to take an OPG for edentulous patients prior to complete denture therapy where such services are available, to prevent complications from intra-bony pathologies. However, Most of the findings are either detectable by clinical exam or may not be of major consequence to the health of patients. Complete denture may be done without OPGs for new and old denture wearers where the service is not available.</p> 大射孔颌下石头的病例报告 02/09/2018//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1023.php <h2>Introduction</h2> <p>Salivary stone (sialothiasis) is a calcifying concentration within the ductal system of salivary gland [1]. The majority of salivary calculi occur in the submandibular gland duct because of its length, upward course and the thicker mucus [2].</p> 开咬咬合不正:概述 01/12/2018//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1022.php & lt; h2> Abstract< / h2><p>The term open bite is referred as no contact between anterior or posterior teeth. The complexity of open bite is attributed to a combination of skeletal, dental and habitual factors. Etiology of open bite can be attributed to genetics, anatomic and environmental factors.However, the tendency toward relapse after conventional or surgical orthodontic treatment has been indicated. Therefore, open bite is considered one of the most challenging dentofacial deformities to treat. The aim of this article is to emphasize that early etiological diagnosis, dentofacial morphology and classification are essential to the successful outcome of the technical intervention. Failure of tongue posture adaptation subsequent to orthodontic and/or surgical treatment might be the primary reason for relapse of open bite. Prolonged retention with fixed or removable retainers is advisable and necessary in most cases of open bite treatment. The treatment of open bite remains a tough challenge to the clinician; careful diagnosis and timely intervention with proper treatment modalities and appliance selection will improve the treatment outcomes and long-term stability.</p> 固定功能电器Orthodontics-A审查 01/10/2018//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1021.php & lt; h2> Abstract< / h2>& lt; p>纠正二类咬合不正一直挑战牙齿矫正医师由于复杂和多因子的病因学。年龄的病人和选择设备中发挥着重要作用的结果治疗。amp;,增长修改使用功能电器在二类病人达到稳定的结果。牙齿矫正医师有各种各样的固定和可移动的电器的处理异常咬合II。综述文章尝试编译各种可用的固定功能电器。你们;/ p> 临床病例:坏死性筋膜炎的颈部手术后下颌神经根囊肿 11/24/2017//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1020.php & lt; h2> Abstract< / h2>& lt; p>坏死性筋膜炎是一种快速进步软组织感染,可以用扩散描述皮下组织坏死和浅筋膜。amp;,这可能是感染的原因过程中牙原性的起源,最常见的引起的混合克+和克,有氧和厌氧微生物中发现患者倾向于感染。在确诊疾病的情况下,有可能危及生命的并发症。本案例分析介绍疾病的诊断标准和治疗计划,鼓励医生们将更多的精力用在预防感染。;/ p> 评估老年患者的口腔卫生意识参加ESIC牙科学院门诊部当,罗西尼,新德里 11/02/2017//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1019.php & lt; h2> Abstract< / h2>& lt; p> & lt; strong>目的:& lt; / strong>评估和学习老年患者口腔健康意识和卫生习惯和识别重要的壁垒建立口腔健康服务、疾病预防和口腔健康促进项目相同的。你们;/ p>& lt; p> & lt; strong>材料和Methods< / strong>:共有500名患者在50年以上的年龄段选择使用随机抽样技术。一个selfa€结构化问卷调查包括20多项选择题给他们。结果使用比例关系,进行了分析;/ p>& lt; p> & lt; strong> Results< / strong>:这项研究的结果显示了急性缺乏口腔卫生意识和口腔卫生行为的有限的知识。在罗西尼,很少人使用牙刷。;/ p>& lt; p> & lt; strong> Conclusions< / strong>:因此,有迫切需要全面的教育计划,促进良好的口腔卫生,对正确的口腔卫生实践。你们传授教育;/ p> Corticotomy促进纠正骨骼II级咬合不正 10/26/2017//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1018.php & lt; h2> Abstract< / h2><p>Selective alveolar decortication and periodontal augmentation with a bone graft were the two procedures used for the correction of the skeletal class II malocclusion in the case reported.A 25-year-old male patient presented with a skeletal class II malocclusion with increased bi-maxillary dento-alveolar protrusion, increased overjet, deep bite and imbricated and rotated mandibular incisors with bilateral presence of supernumerary teeth in the maxillary right and left premolar regions. Extraction of supernumerary in the maxillary right and left premolar region, and impacted UL5 was done. Pre-adjusted edgewise appliance, Roth&rsquo;s prescription (0.022x0.028-inch slot), was bonded and a week later full thickness labial and lingual flaps were reflected in the maxillary and mandibular arches. Circumscribed corticotomy cuts was done and subsequently augmented with a bone graft. Orthodontic treatment was commenced immediately after surgery and orthodontic adjustments were performed every 2 weeks. The entire orthodontic treatment was completed in 9 months. Regional acceleratory phenomenon, triggered by the alveolar decortication, was responsible for the rapid correction of the malocclusion and the augmentation with the bone graft provided adequate bone volume for housing the teeth, thereby decreasing the possibility of subsequent relapse.</p> 图纸作为人体解剖学学习援助跟€™基础评价 10/05/2017//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1017.php & lt; h2> Abstract< / h2><p><strong>Introduction</strong>: One of the essential requirements for efficient oral and maxillofacial surgeon is comprehensive knowledge in anatomy of head and neck regions. Authors believe that asking students to draw anatomical<br /> sketches will assist them to improve their imaginary memory for human anatomy. However, drawing, as learning aid in anatomy, has not been given enough attention as a learning aid for human anatomy.</p> <p><strong>Aim of the study</strong>: To determine dental students&rsquo; level of appreciation to drawings as practical learning aid in human anatomy.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods</strong>: Seventy nine first year dental students in Ibn Sina University for Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences College of Dentistry for the academic year 2016-2017, were requested to complete a questionnaire. The questions were mostly related to the importance of drawing in anatomy and its relation to Anatomy education. The participation in the questionnaire was optional.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: This study showed highly significant relationship between the ability to understand anatomy subject and the importance of drawing (P=0.006). It also showed highly significant relationship between the importance of drawings and giving clinical examples during lectures or anatomical labs (P=0.006). Furthermore, the results showed no significant relationship between the importance of drawings and the load of anatomical material, introduced in anatomical lectures and labs (P=0.639).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: Anatomical drawings, from first year dental students&rsquo; perspective, are a useful learning tool and can relate to different aspects of proper education of human anatomy. Drawings can be implemented as practical tool in human anatomy curriculum for undergraduate dental education.</p> 成骨的加速OrthodonticsTM治疗骨骼II级患者中度拥挤 09/18/2017//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1016.php & lt; h2> Abstract< / h2><p><strong>Introduction</strong>: A 17 years old male patient was treated at the University orthodontic department. He had the chief complaint of unaesthetic&nbsp; appearance of his teeth, mostly for anterior crowding. The pretreatment records showed a Class II skeletal relation, moderate upper and lower anterior crowding, 0.5mm of overbite and 2mm of overjet.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods</strong>: It was suggested Osteogenic Accelerated Orthodontics (OAOTM), the treatment option was very attractive to the patient although it required a surgical procedure and a more expensive type of treatment.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: The overall treatment time was 6 months, facial balance was improved and the final occlusal relationships from the functional and aesthetics perspective were good.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: OAOTM is a good alternative to reduce extractions rate as it increases the scope of tooth movement and strengthen the periodontal tissues thru bone grafting, although these claims require more scientific data to be validated.</p> 低光照疗法(低):渗透和Photobiomodulation 07/31/2017//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1015.php <h2>Editorial</h2> <p>Mester et al. stated the laser effects in a review of their studies of 15 various biological systems, they observed the stimulating effect of low energy (in terms of J/cm2) laser and inhibiting effect of high energy laser and later reported the relationship of cumulative energy applied and the effects conforms to the Arndt-Schultz law.They concluded their experience with 875 healed cases and the results of their experiments had convinced them to recommend the use of lasers to stimulate wound healing [1].</p> <p>Studies on the effects of Low Level Light Therapy reported pain relief [2,3] and promotion of wound healing [2]. These effects are useful in the oro-maxillofacial region and other parts of the body.</p> 牙釉质脱矿与树脂改性gic和传统复合树脂比较体内研究 07/31/2017//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1014.php & lt; h2> ABSTRACT< / h2><p><strong>Background &amp; Objectives</strong>: Fluoride releasing bonding agents can help the orthodontist to minimize enamel demineralization independent of patient cooperation. This in vivo&nbsp; study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of resin modifi ed glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) on reducing enamel demineralization around orthodontic brackets and confirm the superior caries-preventive effect of RMGIC by assessing the mutans streptococci (S.mutans) in plaque samples in vitro.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>: 60 subjects (aged 14-20 years) scheduled to have premolar extractions as part of the orthodontic treatment plan were selected and randomly divided into 2 groups of 30 each (group 1: the brackets were bonded on the teeth using light cure composite resin and group 2: the brackets were bonded using RMGIC). Plaque scores (modification of plaque index by Silness and Loe) were recorded and plaque samples were collected before bonding, one week and one month after bonding. S.mutans colonies were recorded from the plaque samples inoculated on MSB agar plates, incubated under 95% N2 and 5% CO2 for 48 hours at 370C in a CO2 jar. After 1 month, the right maxillary and mandibular first premolars were debonded, extracted and depth of enamel demineralization area was estimated using polarized light microscope.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: After statistical analysis, a significantly higher mean depth of demineralized lesions was noticed in group 1 as compared to group 2. A significant difference between occlusal and gingival depth was seen only in group 2, thus illustrating a wedge effect. In group 1, a statistically significant increase in the mean colony forming units (CFU) of S.mutans has been noticed at different time intervals whereas in group2, a significant increase was observed only at 1month. Unlike at 1 month, a statistically significant difference in mean CFU between group 1 and group 2 has been observed at 1 week (P&lt;0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions</strong>: Enamel lesions adjacent to the bracket base on teeth bonded with the RMGIC were smaller than those on teeth bonded with a composite resin. The high &ldquo;burst effect&rdquo; of fluoride release for the first few days of RMGIC after bonding is confirmed by statistically significant reduction in CFU counts of S. mutans in plaque.</p> 审美复苏的永久下颌侧切牙使用生物post Periradicular非手术治疗后病变:一个案例报告 06/22/2017//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1013.php & lt; h2> ABSTRACT< / h2>& lt; p> & lt; strong>问题的声明:& lt; / strong>前牙骨折,由于创伤性损伤,经常发生在牙科。这导致坏死的牙髓和根尖周的病理变化。牙髓学的和恢复性牙科的目标是保留自然牙齿最大功能和令人愉悦的美学。;/ p>& lt; p> & lt; strong> study<的目的;/ strong>:本研究旨在广泛的重建受损牙齿的过程称为,“生物修复。amp;”, & lt; / p>& lt; p> & lt; strong>材料和methods< / strong>:生物通过自然,提取牙齿从另一个人代表了一个低成本的选择和替代技术形态功能恢复受损的前牙提供高功能和审美的结果。你们;/ p>& lt; p> & lt; strong> Conclusions< / strong>:这种情况下报告指的是美学和功能恢复的下颌侧切牙periradicular非手术治疗后病变。;/ p> 磨牙症:多种原因和影响牙科植入物:一个回顾 05/12/2017//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1012.php & lt; h2> ABSTRACT< / h2>& lt; p>恢复部分或完全无齿的患者植入假体已广泛应用的支持,实现较高的成功率。然而,许多研究认为夜间磨牙症的存在是一个禁忌的治疗模式。本研究的目的是审查的文学和识别风险因素植入与磨牙症受试者的康复计划的支持。恢复bruxers使用植入假体的支持,使用植入与足够的长度和直径,以及适当的定位,似乎是一个可靠的治疗降低了失败的风险。夜间磨牙症控制通过使用刚性咬合的稳定装置的夜班警卫,缓解该地区的植入物,是高度表示。虽然很明显,植入磨牙症患者的康复需要足够的支持计划和后续,需要设计良好的随机对照试验提供可靠的证据的长期成功的治疗模式灵活;/ p> 小丑在牙科教育语言培训:牙科Studenta€™s视角 05/09/2017//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1011.php & lt; h2> ABSTRACT< / h2><p>Clowning is a form of humour. It is an art form that invites play, interaction, and laughter. Clown Care is a programme in hospitals and medical centres involving visits from specially trained hospital clowns. Clowning helps patients to focus on something other than their illness. Olsson et al. and Spitzer suggested that clown care could create a warm climate, promote good interpersonal relationships, and relieve feelings of frustration, anxiety, or hostility.Hospital clowns work worldwide as a health humanization resort, providing interplay with patients, family and staff creating a positive emotional state that fosters affirmative environmental conditions. This type of activity varies greatly in terms of professionalism, accountability and artistic methods. Promotion of emotional and psychosocial well-being of patients transcends opportunities for oral health promotion activities in hospitals, schools and community. Previous research reports on clown training reflects attitude-building potential for the healthcare students provided that it is performed in a deep, essential, strict and continuous fashion in a facultative manner rather than mandatory allowing the student to build his own artistic, professional and personal path. Thus, the prospect of introducing training curriculum of this underrated non-technical skill for dental students in Indian dental education system needs to be harnessed.</p> 根吸收与外部影响第三磨牙:一个案例报告 04/26/2017//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1010.php & lt; h2> ABSTRACT< / h2>& lt; p>第三臼齿提取影响的迹象包括预防牙齿邻牙再吸收。吸收可分为生理(当乳牙脱落)或病理(当造成的损伤或刺激牙周韧带)。很多原因可以触发外部根吸收(ERR),最常见的原因是矫正力量。最常见的情况下犯错涉及影响第三磨牙,由于缺乏空间的爆发,产生更大的机会宁可第二磨牙的远端部分。病理学是临床牙科保健变得越来越频繁。根尖周的评估和全景片是用来帮助诊断,锥束ct。在锥束ct扫描,检测到射线可透过的不规则的地区差距;这些差距代表牙科材料的重大损失。这篇文章的目的是报告的第二个克分子吸收引起的影响第三磨牙和执行审查文学的根吸收外部的原因。 Ideally, this information will aid dental clinicians (and orthodontists in particular) in understanding the features of this pathology so that they may recommend preventive third molar extraction when necessary.</p> 牙齿矫正骨钉来纠正一个锚固损失:病例报告 04/07/2017//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1009.php & lt; h2> ABSTRACT< / h2><p>The recent introduction of the miniscrew in orthodontics revolutionized the clinical and biomechanical approach of anchoring. Used as direct or indirect anchoring, the orthodontic micro screws indications field is expanding due to their easy insertion, and their immediate loading ensuring an absolute anchoring.Our objective through this clinical case is to show the effectiveness of these miniscrews in the correction of the uncontrolled loss of anchoring.</p> 可视化和评估快速上颌扩展后的变化 03/30/2017//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1008.php & lt; h2> ABSTRACT< / h2><p><strong>Objectives</strong>: The aim of the study was to develop a mathematical model for the visualization and evaluation of transversal palatal soft tissue changes; and to carry out a statistical evaluation of the changes in vertical and sagittal dimensions after rapid maxillary expansion treatment.</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods</strong>: 33 Caucasian children with posterior crossbite, 10 boys and 23 girls, aged 7 to 10 years (median 8 years 8 months) were treated with tooth-borne Haas type expander. Dental casts were digitalized by scanner and on the basis of quantitative mesh shape CPD-DCA analysis, coloured morphometrical maps were created. The statistical significance of individual vertex displacements was calculated by performing Hotelling&rsquo;s T2 paired test. To determine the significance of the vertical and sagittal profile changes, the paired t-test and Wilcoxon signed rank test were carried out in 20 patients</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: Visualization of the palatal soft tissue widening showed it to be greatest in the areas of the second deciduous and first permanent molars with maximum of 0.75 mm for each palatal side. Hotelling&rsquo;s T2 paired test showed significant differences of p&lt;0.01 in transversal width dimension. Cephalometric measurements of the changes to vertical and sagittal dimensions were statistically evaluated using the Wilcoxon and paired t-tests, and were shown to have insignificant values of p&gt;0.05.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: The expansion appliance in children resolved the crossbite and led to palatal widening, which was clearly visualized by creating mathematical morphometric models. The cephalometric measurements carried out did not reveal statistically significant relevance in changes to facial vertical or sagittal dimensions.</p> 比较研究的眼球内陷钛网结合治疗可吸收植入与肋骨软骨的移植大型轨道缺陷层骨折 03/23/2017//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1007.php & lt; h2> ABSTRACT< / h2><p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Several treatment options are available for the optimal treatment for orbital fractures, depending on aesthetic and functional results after orbital wall reconstruction.The objective of this study is to compare the effect and safety of large orbital floor fractures with titanium mesh combined with poly-L-lactic acid/polyglycolic acid copolymer implants (Lactosorb&reg;) vs. autologous costochondral graft. A wide range of permanent and biodegradable materials have been used successfully for orbital floor reconstruction, however they present with disadvantages for reconstruction of large defects, even if combined.</p> <p><strong>Patients and Methods</strong>: A retrospective cohort study of patients from Estado de M&eacute;xico, M&eacute;xico, with access to ISSEMYM health care service, presenting with orbital floor fracture treated at Department of Plastic &amp; Reconstructive Surgery/Maxillofacial Surgery at ISSEMYM Medical Center Toluca between January 2007 and July 2010. Age, sex, etiology, clinical findings, fracture pattern, and treatment modality (Titanium mesh with absorbable implant vs. costochondral graft) were considered. Predictor and outcome variables as complications, inpatient, trauma- surgery interval, surgical time and donor site pain are considered.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: Follow up of 21 patients (12 weeks) 17 male, 4 female, ages 22-63 was made. Enophthalmos, main objective of this study, was identified with statistical significance presenting 0% (n=0) post-op Group B patients and 30% (n=3) for Group A (p=0.049). Statistical significance was found referring to inpatient days between two groups being less for costochondral reconstruction patients (p=0.02). No pain in patients undergoing alloplastic surgery. An interesting result was that donor area analogue pain scale for costochondral graft was 2.9/10.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: Surgical outcome and complications where evaluated comparing different materials for orbital floor reconstruction. Costochondral graft is a suitable choice when orbital reconstruction is indicated.</p> 正常价值的头骨底角使用修改后的核磁共振成像技术在泰国人口 03/20/2017//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1006.php & lt; h2> ABSTRACT< / h2><p><strong>Purpose: </strong>To determine the normal value of basal angle measured using the modified MR imaging technique in Thai population compared with the standard value obtained from the Western population.</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods</strong>: We retrospectively evaluated midline sagittal SE T1 weighted MR images in 200 adults and 50 children. The basal angle of the skull base was measured using the modified MR imaging technique described by Koenigsberg et al. The angle was formed by a line extending across the anterior cranial fossa to the tip of the dorsum sellae and another line drawn along the posterior margin of the clivus. The mean values of the basal angles among different age groups and sex were calculated and analyzed.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: The mean skull base angle of our adult population was 115&deg; (range 100.5&deg;-130&deg;, SD=5.7) with an inter-observer agreement of 0.85, slightly smaller than the previous study from the USA which was 117&deg;. There was no significant difference between the male and female groups. The mean skull base angle in our children population was 114.7&deg; (range 102- 130.5&deg;, SD=6.3) with an inter-observer agreement of 0.89, quite similar to the previous USA study which was 114&deg;. There was no significant difference between adult and children.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: The mean adult skull base angle measured using the modified MR imaging technique in Thai population was slightly smaller than the Western population, while the mean skull base angle of children was quite similar. The basal angle range of 103.6&deg;-126.4&deg; may be used as a guide for the potential range of normal skull base angles in Thai population and possibly also the Southeast Asian population.</p> 评估水平唇位置在成人骨骼不同模式:一个人头测量法的研究 03/10/2017//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1005.php & lt; h2> ABSTRACT< / h2><p><strong>Aim: </strong>To evaluate sexual dimorphism in horizontal lip position in adults with different skeletal patterns.</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods</strong>: The sample comprised of 120 patients (Females 18 years and above, Males 21 years and above) with no history of previous orthodontic treatment or functional jaw orthopaedic treatment. They were divided into different groups based on the ANB angle and gender. Group I and II included 30 males and 30 females with skeletal class I malocclusion (ANB 0-4 degree). Group III and IV included 30 males and 30 females with skeletal class II malocclusion respectively (ANB above 4 degree).</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: When comparison between males and females (Class I+Class II) was done S-line (p&lt;0.001), B-line (p&lt;0.001), E-line (p&lt;0.001), Holdaways angle (p&lt;0.001) and Merrifield angle (p&lt;0.001) were found to be statistically significant. S-line (p&lt;0.001), E-line (p&lt;0.001) and Holdaways angle (p&lt;0.001) were found to be statistically significant when comparison was done between males and females (Class I). When comparison was done between males and females (Class II) only Holdaways angle (p&lt;0.001) showed a significant statistical difference.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: Sexual dimorphism was found in various lip parameters. Significant amount of differences were found between Class I and Class II (male and female) subjects.</p> 发展前景的检测口腔癌通过使用预先筛选技术 12/30/2016//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1003.php & lt; h2> Review< / h2>& lt; p>口腔癌倾向于被发现在后期是有害的患者由于其高死亡率和患病率(存活率15 - 50% [1])。口腔癌的发病率在全球范围内大约是所有恶性肿瘤的3%,因此创建一个重要的全球卫生问题[2]。最常见的口腔癌症是鳞状细胞癌(SCC),占所有癌症的96%的口腔[3]。amp;,口腔鳞状细胞癌(OSCC)和口咽咽鳞状细胞癌是世界上第六个最常见的恶性肿瘤今天[4]。口腔癌的平均存活率五年,远低于其他癌症[5]。早期检测将允许口腔癌90%可治愈的和成本有效的治疗[6]。;/ p>& lt; p>口腔癌的早期检测是重要的因此减少死亡率致命的疾病的发病率。方法可用于早期检测涉及到在口头cancer&知识渊博的,病因,检测和检查方法为临床医生需要遵循的进步的方法检测。能力,受过良好教育的口腔卫生保健提供者需要提供适当的口腔癌筛查检查,早期口服,头部和颈部癌症检测。OSCC筛查的检出率只有0.12% [7]。 Therefore, we focused on the important of advanced screening and detecting methods for early diagnosis of oral premalignant and malignant lesions.</p> <p>Tobacco use and alcohol consumption are regarded as the main risk factors for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) table 1, while human papilloma virus (HPV) infection is emerging as the leading risk factor in cancers of the oropharynx. One study of 143 patients found HPV-16 present in 16.8% of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas [8].</p> 评价ImageJ相对骨密度测量和临床应用 12/15/2016//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1002.php & lt; h2> ABSTRACT< / h2><p>The main method for evaluation of healing processes of the jaws in oral and maxillofacial surgery are radiological diagnostics. Quantitative description is possible by measuring the relative bone density, which puts the mean grey value of a certain area in relation to the surrounding bone tissue.&nbsp;In this research the intra- and interindividual variability is determined for this method and a standard operation procedure is elaborated.</p> <p>Therefore ten panoramic radiographs of typical surgical indications in oral a maxillofacial surgery were analyzed by three different members of the workgroup, five times each. The measurements were analyzed with descriptive and comparative statistical methods.</p> <p>The mean coefficient of variation was 2.972% &plusmn; 2.361%. The measurements of defect regions were more consistent (2.252% &plusmn; 1.928%) than the measurements of surrounding bone (3.691% &plusmn; 2.626%). The analysis of variance did not show a statistically significant influence of the different raters to the measurements (ANOVA, Pr&gt;F = 0.9462).</p> <p>Following the standard operation procedure this method seems to be an easy, cheap and close to practice way to visualize healing process of the jaws. Especially in the mandibula, but also in the maxilla with special reconsideration of the sinus-region, it seems to be suitable.</p> 受雇于牙科实验室感染控制机制来预防感染的牙科技术人员/技术专家 11/30/2016//m.lakotalakes.com/johcs/johcs-aid1001.php & lt; h2> Abstract< / h2><p><strong>Objective:</strong> The aim of the study was to determine the compliance to infection control of various dental laboratories in Durban.</p> <p><strong>Study design: </strong>This was a qualitative survey.</p> <p><strong>Setting: </strong>Dental laboratories in Durban area, South Africa.</p> <p><strong>Subject</strong>: Registered laboratory technicians.</p> <p><strong>Study methodology</strong>: Convenient random sampling method was used.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: There was poor compliance to infection control procedures by most dental laboratories. Majority, 66.67%, of the dental laboratories relied on dental clinics for disinfection of dental impressions; therefore, they did not disinfect the impressions. On the other hand, only 33.33% carried out disinfection of dental impressions on their own. A high number (53.3%) of the respondents had disinfection areas within their dental laboratories, 6.7% had no disinfection areas while 40% depended upon dental clinics for all disinfections. About 60% of the dental technicians had valid vaccinations against Hepatitis B Virus while 40% had no vaccination against HBV.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: The results of this study indicated that there was substantial nonconformity to infection control measure in all dental laboratories. There should be comprehensive inspection of dental laboratories prior to licensing and thereafter by the South African Dental Technician Council&rsquo;s inspectors to ensure that all dental laboratories comply with the various infection control measures.</p>